Monday, August 24, 2020

'Discuss the biology of Alzheimer's disease' Essay

'Examine the science of Alzheimer's infection' - Essay Example The clinical highlights of Alzheimer's illness (AD) are, loss of transient memory, lacking in praxis (capacity to perform talented developments) and the ability of thinking and judgment (Doraiswamy PM, 1997). These manifestations emerge from inclusion of the transient projection, hippocampus, and the parietal affiliation cortices, with lesser association of frontal flaps, until the sickness is in its later stage. A second most unmistakable neuropathological highlight which is likewise present in AD is the complex, fibrilar stores in the cortex of the cerebrum; this is known as feeble and amyloid plaques. Amyloidal plaques have been the subject of AD examine lately. These plaques contain various proteins, including apolipoprotein E, and 1-against chymotrypsin (Carlos Morgana, 2004). The important part amyloidal plaques are amyloidal-beta peptide that is gotten from a beta-amyloidal forerunner protein. The nearness of another particular trademark, that is additionally present in differ ent dementias like Lewy Body Variant of AD and Fronto-fleeting dementia, is the rate of neurofibrillary tangles. These knot are intraneural incorporations that are made out of hyperphosphorylated types of a microtubule related protein known as tau (Peter H. St George-Hyslop, 2004). At the end of the day neurofibrillary tangles are the neurotic neuron totals present in the neurons of the patiets experiencing AD. Over the most recent quite a long while, because of the expanding frequency of AD, scientists have been focussing on the fundamental driver of this malady in everyone. Much research has been completed, and it by and large affirms that the general life time danger of AD in a first degree relative of somebody with AD is about 38%, by the age of 85 years. Three principle reasons appear to mirror an intricate method of transmission (1) single autosomal quality imperfections, (2) multi-quality characteristics, (3) a method of move where both hereditary and environmenal factors interface. The exploration likewise proposed that solitary a smal part of human poulation mirrored, the transmission as an unadulterated autosomal prevailing mendelian attribute. Late hereditary examinations have recognized four qualities related with acquired hazard for AD (presenilin 1, presenilin 2, amyloid forerunner protein, and apolipoprotein E) (Peter H. St George-Hyslop, 2004). The primary quality to be reco gnized as a forerunner for AD is the amyloid antecedent protein (APP). This quality is liable for encoding a then again grafted transcript which, in its longest isoform encodes a burn transmembrane that traverses a polypeptide of 770 amino acids (J. Kang, 325). This protein experiences a progression of endoproteolytic cleavages. This is intervened by a film related alpha-secretase that divides this protein in the A peptide area, and frees the extracellular N-end APP. The other cleavage pathway includes successive cleavages by the - and - secretases, hence creating a 40-42 amino corrosive A peptide. The second protein dependable is Apolipoprotein E. This protein in people contains 3 basic polymorphisms. Examination of these polymorphisms in AD unaffected people has indicated that there is an expanded recurrence of the delta 4 allele in individuals with AD. The third quality liable for AD is Presnilin 1 (R. Sherrington, 1995). Presenilin 2 is the fourth quality that was distinguished during the cloning of Presenilin 1 on chromosome 14. This quality encoded a polypeptide whose open understanding edge

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Intercultural Communications Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Intercultural Communications - Assignment Example In any case, I am of Asian starting point, which is additionally my race. I am an understudy which depends on my work. Social Identity greatly affects how I see others and how they see me. These personalities have affected how I see the world regarding partner myself with a gathering. For instance, at school I can relate myself with others as a gathering of understudies. This has given me a feeling of having a place in this social gathering. These social characters have likewise positively affected how others see me. Despite the fact that I am of an alternate race, this has never been an issue in this nation. Others respect me and have acknowledged me as their kindred understudy. Information on social characters has helped individuals value the likenesses and contrasts among individuals. Social personality has impacted the people’s view and how they communicate with one another where they can relate to a specific gathering and feel nearer to the gathering. The more uniform that individual are, the almost certain that they will be viewed as individuals from that gathering. They will have the positive and negative traits of the specific gathering. Social character is vital in making social cooperation progressively reasonable by ordering individuals in different manners dependent on their similitudes and contrasts (Deaux, 2001). It very well may be capable of point similitudes among individuals in a social

Thursday, July 23, 2020

The History of Orthorexia Nervosa

The History of Orthorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Diagnosis Print What Is Orthorexia Nervosa? By Lauren Muhlheim, PsyD, CEDS facebook twitter linkedin Lauren Muhlheim, PsyD, is a certified eating disorders expert and clinical psychologist who provides cognitive behavioral psychotherapy. Learn about our editorial policy Lauren Muhlheim, PsyD, CEDS Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on February 24, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 22, 2019 JGI/Jamie Grill, Blend Images, Getty Images More in Eating Disorders Diagnosis Symptoms Treatment Awareness and Prevention Orthorexia is not recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition  (DSM-5) as an official eating disorder. It remains a proposed diagnosis that is attracting increased interest by researchers, treatment professionals, bloggers, and the public, especially as a desire for healthy food has become more mainstream. Orthorexia is not merely veganism, a gluten-free diet, or a general appreciation for healthy eating. According to Dr. Stephen Bratman, the doctor who coined the term in 1996 to describe the obsession with healthy eating he had seen in several of his patients, “People can adhere to just about any theory of healthy eating without having an eating disorder (with the only caveat that such a diet must provide adequate nutrients).” Orthorexia commonly begins as an “exuberant” interest in healthy eating that escalates over time. What was originally a choice becomes a compulsion and the individual can no longer choose to relax their own rules. Eventually, the person’s restrictive eating starts to negatively impact both their health and social and occupational functioning; eating the right foods becomes increasingly important and squeezes out other pursuits. A person’s self-esteem becomes very closely tied to their adherence to their selected diet. Consequently, any deviation from the diet typically causes extreme feelings of guilt and shame. Dr. Bratman observes the irony of the pursuit of healthy eating backfiring and becoming incredibly unhealthy. History At the time he coined the term, Dr. Bratman was working in alternative medicine. Many “healthy” diets were touted as alternatives to medications, but Dr. Bratman began to notice significant costs to this approach. These included an inability to share food with others; an inability to eat foods previously enjoyed; an identity wrapped up in food; and guilt, shame, and fear associated with straying from the diet. Dr. Bratman discerned that for some patients it would be more prudent to relax about their eating than to improve or further restrict their diet. As a form of “tease therapy,” Dr. Bratman decided to invent a disorder his patients could focus on being cured of. He hired a Greek scholar to help him choose the name. The term “orthorexia nervosa” was coined to mean an obsession with eating the right food; “ortho,” meaning right, “orexia,” meaning hunger, and “nervosa” meaning fixation or obsession. He was making an analogy to anorexia nervosa. Dr. Bratman said he originally thought of orthorexia as a way to encourage his patients to loosen their own eating rules, rather than a serious diagnosis. He published the term in 1997 Yoga Journal article â€" from there it was quickly taken up by popular magazines. Dr. Bratman himself did not take it seriously. It was not until after the publication of a humorous book on the subject that he learned that he had “tapped into something bigger.” He learned that people were dying from the condition. Proposed Risk Factors Dr. Bratman (2016, IAEDP) described what he believes are several risk factors for orthorexia: adoption of a highly restrictive dietary theoryparents who place undue importance on healthy foodchildhood illness involving diet and/or digestive issuesmedical problems that can’t be addressed by medical sciencetraits of perfectionism, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and extremismfear of disease Proposed Diagnostic Criteria Orthorexia nervosa was the subject of an Italian study in 2004, which gave further credibility to the condition. In 2014, Jordan Younger, a popular blogger discussed having suffered from orthorexia. At this point, Dr. Bratman decided to study and write about the condition he had first recognized. It is important to note that there are no reliable studies on the prevalence of orthorexia nervosa. There are, however, according to Bratman and Dunn, “convincing case studies and broad anecdotal evidence to conclude that sufficient evidence exists to pursue whether [orthorexia nervosa] is a distinct condition.” In a 2016 paper in the journal  Eating Behaviors, Dr. Bratman co-authored with Thom Dunn, Ph.D. they propose the following diagnostic criteria. Criteria A All of the following: Compulsive behavior and/or preoccupation with a restrictive diet to promote optimum healthViolation of self-imposed dietary rules causes exaggerated fear of disease, sense of personal impurity, and/or negative physical sensations, anxiety, and shameDietary restriction increases over time and may come to include the elimination of food groups and cleanses. Weight loss commonly occurs but the desire to lose weight is not the focus. Criteria B Any of the following: Malnutrition, severe weight loss, or other medical consequences from a restricted dietIntrapersonal distress or impairment of social, academic or occupational functioning due to beliefs or behaviors about healthy dietSelf-worth, identity, and body image unduly dependent on compliance with ones “healthy” diet Other Features and Medical Risks Dr. Bratman reported that the condition of orthorexia has already shown signs of evolution since he first conceived of it. He noted that exercise is more commonly a part of it than it was in the 1990s. He also reported that incorporating low-calorie foods has also become a bigger part of the healthy eating associated with orthorexia. In cases where individuals pursue both purity and thinness, there may be an overlap between anorexia nervosa and orthorexia nervosa. Orthorexia may also, on occasions, be a disguise for anorexia by individuals presenting a more socially acceptable way of staying thin. Orthorexia nervosa may also cross over with bulimia nervosa and Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID). Belief System of Orthorexia Although the behaviors (dietary restriction) and consequences (weight loss, malnutrition, bingeing and/or purging) associated with orthorexia nervosa may look similar to anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, the main difference is in the content of the belief system. Patients with orthorexia primarily think about ideal health, physical purity, enhanced fitness, and avoiding disease. They restrict foods perceived as unhealthy and embrace certain “superfoods” perceived as providing special health benefits according to their belief system about what constitutes healthy food. In contrast, patients with anorexia consciously focus on weight and restrict foods primarily based on calories. There are other differences as well.  People are usually ashamed of their anorexia and attempt to hide it, but persons with orthorexia may actively attempt to persuade others to follow the same health beliefs. Those with anorexia nervosa often forego meals; people with orthorexia typically do not (unless they are intentionally “cleansing”). Finally, when a person  with anorexia is in treatment, they have no particular objection to being fed with Ensure or Boost except regarding the calories, whereas a person with orthorexia would object to the chemicals in those supplements. These distinctions in beliefs may be important. Dr. Bratman observed that treatment professionals’ misunderstanding of the concerns of someone with orthorexia may lead to treatment failure. Much to Be Learned Since orthorexia is only a proposed diagnosis, there is a great deal we do not know. For example, we do not know its relationship to the existing eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and ARFID. Nor do we know its relationship to anxiety disorders. Research is needed to refine the diagnosis, determine prevalence rates, identify risk factors, and develop treatments. An important first step is developing an assessment tool; a 100-question survey is in development to assess and diagnose orthorexia. One thing we do know is that, because it can cause malnutrition, orthorexia nervosa may produce any of the medical problems associated with anorexia nervosa including loss of menses, osteoporosis, and heart failure. Although treatments have not been specifically validated for orthorexia, clinicians, and Dr. Bratman reported that treatment that challenges the dietary theory and builds more flexible eating have been successful in the treatment of orthorexia. Seeking Help If you or a loved one shows signs of orthorexia, please seek help from an eating disorder treatment professional. As with other eating disorders, early intervention increases the chance of a complete recovery and minimizes negative consequences. If you dont have a doctor who specializes in eating disorders, speak with your primary healthcare professional firstâ€"he/she can most likely refer you to a specialized doctor. Be sure to discuss behaviors, day-to-day issues, and anything else related to your eating and well-being with your doctor. Orthorexia Discussion Guide Get our printable guide for your next doctors appointment to help you ask the right questions. Download PDF Oftentimes, people with eating disorders cannot recognize the power the condition has over themâ€"they may not even be inclined to speak with a doctor at all. If this is the case for you or a loved one, a doctors visit (and hopefully a discussion with a doctor) is a great first step. From there, hopefully, intervention in the form of realistic treatment options can progress. 4 Steps for Eating Disorder Recovery

Friday, May 22, 2020

Role of Women in Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days

14040833 Price Mythology 1060 17 February 2013 Role of Women in Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days In most Greek mythology there is a general hostility towards the female sex, which relays that most poets and writers themselves were sexist. Throughout Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days, women are portrayed in a very subservient manner, placing them far below men and are almost despised. However, in more than one instance, manipulation, women’s true power, is shown. They are constantly described as beautiful temptresses, which could be thought of as the weakness of many men. When Theogony and Works and Days are looked at as a whole it is obvious that Hesiod’s opinion of women, most likely shared by the Greeks themselves, is†¦show more content†¦The mere creation of women on earth was a punishment to man because of the devious Prometheus’ decision to steal fire and give it to mankind. As Hesiod describes it, â€Å"That’s just how Zeus, the high lord of thunder, made women as a curse for mortal men, Evil conspirators (148).† This alone sends the message that Hesiod believed women to be evil. She is created as a beautiful temptress, just as many of the goddesses are described. They areShow MoreRelatedThe Role of Women in Hesiods Theogony and Works and Days Essay738 Words   |  3 PagesThe role of women in Hesiods Theogony and Works and Days is outstandingly subordinate. There are a number of times in Hesiods text that despises women, being mortal, immortal, or flesh-eating monsters. The overall impression of women from Theogony and Works and Days, leads one to believe that Hesiod is a misogynist. The very creation of women was set as a punishment to man because Prometheus, son of Iapetos, tried to trick Zeus into eating bones and then, with the tube of a fennel, steals fireRead MoreEssay about Similarities in the Mythologies of Creation1301 Words   |  6 PagesHesiod in his Theogony and Works and Days and Ovid’s Metamorphoses, when compared to the creation myths as seen in the Old Testament’s book of Genesis they may not be as different as one would think. Taking a more in-depth look at both Genesis and Hesiod’s and Ovid’s work more closely, the reader can see that on multiple occasions the myths have almost identical similarities which reflect their views in society. The similarities in particular are the myths of the creation of man, women with their subsequentRead MoreThemes Of The Greek Literature1409 Words   |  6 Pagesthrough the descriptions of the treatment of women and how they exercise power. According to Hesiod s Theogony and Works and Days, the beautiful Pandora was the very first mortal woman to be created by the gods and goddesses of Olympus. She is named â€Å"Pandora† because each divine entity had a role in her creation. The sole reason for her creation, however, was for the purpose of punishing mortal men for Prometheus’ crimes against Zeus. In Works and Days, lines 115-116, Hesiod describes Pandora, inRead MoreThe Role Of Hesiod s Theogony And Works2093 Words   |  9 Pages The role of Hesiod’s Theogony and Works Days differ greatly. The Theogony’s main function is to catalogue the immortals and explain their origins. One of Works Day’s roles is to define the author’s moral values as it relates to his feud with his brother Perses. This dichotomy reveals itself with the conflicting versions of Prometheus and Pandora present in the two poems. In Works and Days, Hesiod attempts to expose Perses’s mistakes through the interaction of Prometheus and his brother EpimetheusRead More Comparing the Epic of Gilgamesh, Hesiods Theogony, and Ovids Metamorphoses3432 Words   |  14 PagesComparing the Epic of Gilgamesh, Hesiods Theogony, and Ovids Metamorphoses   Ã‚   There are many parallels between the Epic of Gilgamesh, Hesiods Theogony, and Ovids Metamorphoses. The first similarity is immediately apparent: structure. We can view the structure of the Gilgamesh story as three concentric circles: a story within a story within a story. In the outer circle, a narrator prepares the audience for the primary narrative, contained within the second circle: the tale of Gilgameshs adventuresRead MoreGreek Mythology By Homer s Odyssey, Iliad And Hesiod s Theogony2522 Words   |  11 Pagesof the Greek empire had different heroes with their own traditions, and thus Greek mythology was firmly tied to it geographical location. Geography and physical places helped shape Greek mythology to a large extent. Homer’s Odyssey, Iliad and Hesiod’s Theogony are examples of Greek mythology where the myth is tied with the geographical space. With the mention of place, these poets strive to appeal to as many city-states as possible. Mentioning as m any places and incidents occurring in those placesRead MoreThe Evolution of Gender Roles and its Role in Society1505 Words   |  7 Pages When thinking of gender roles in society, stereotypes generally come to mind. Throughout history these stereotypes have only proven to be true. Major historical events have had a huge impact on the way men and women are seen and treated. In this way, women have always been secondary to males and seen as the fragile counterparts whose job is to take care of the household and most importantly, be loyal to her husband no matter the circumstance. Gender roles throughout history have greatly influencedRead MoreThe Pride of Zeus2473 Words   |  10 Pageswas almost made a reality in Hesiod’s â€Å"Pandora† from his poems Works and Days. In the myth, Zeus creates the first woman, who is capable of the destruction of mankind. Obviously Zeus is a very contradictive character. On the one hand, he possesses a number of powers that mankind can benefit from, as seen in his role in, â€Å"The Iliad.† On the other hand, he owns a number of negative qualities, among which gree d probably the most significant one, made significant in his role in, â€Å"Pandora.† Through it allRead MoreHesiod s View Of The Gods3056 Words   |  13 Pages Western Civilization Student’s name Professor’s name Course Title Date submitted When Poets Ruled the World from Hesiod, Archilochus, Pindar, and Solon 1. Is Hesiod’s view of the gods different or similar to Homer’s? There are big differences between two ancient representatives of the Greek literature. If Homer is a legendary figure from the beginning to the end, Hesiod is real. Respect for the gods, love and respect for parents, homeland defense are the commandments of the GreeksRead MoreHow Did The Religion Of Ancient Greeks Played A Role?1201 Words   |  5 PagesKenzay Rivers Ms. Finney How did the religion of ancient Greeks played a role in their daily lives? 10 November 2016 How did the religion of ancient Greeks played a role in their daily lives? In the ancient Greek world, religion was personal, direct, and present in its citizens’ daily lives. During this time, they participated in animal sacrifices and offerings, created myths to explain the beginning of the human race and gave reverence to their gods by building temples which controlled the

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Ethnography Of The Blue House - 2284 Words

Ethnography of the â€Å"Blue House†: Plano Day Labor Center While making the drive on my way to school, my father decides to take a short detour to go pay his worker. It is early in the morning and still very grey outside which facilitated my usual slumber. This detour meant nothing more to me than simply that of a detour, but it wasn t until I was suddenly awaken by the car being strangely rocked like that of a small raft in the sea. Being nearly eight years old, I m instantly on high alert and very confused. There is a man in the passenger seat saying hello to me as my dad pays him for a honest day s worth in a moving job the day before, but surrounding the car are about 25 men eagerly trying to speak with my father. Not only was my early morning routine nap disrupted, I truly believed I woke up to a nightmare. As we drove away, my dad laughed telling me to say goodbye to the blue house. After this experience, I simply stated to my dad that I would never return to this place ever again. I was legitimately horrified and pledged to never retu rn. As a kid, I could simply decide to ignore and choose to not care for what I had witnessed, but as I grew up, curiosity and acquired knowledge promoted awareness. I simply became intrigued, and decided to confront a childhood fear. I was not expecting for this fear to then transform into compassion, but while gaining exceedingly more information, I have grown a profound interest that I believe needs to be exposed to in our society.Show MoreRelatedEthnography Of A Coffee House Essay1191 Words   |  5 PagesEthnography of a Coffee House Introduction I gathered my information from Dunkin’ Donuts shop on the Third Avenue. Dunkin’ Donuts is one of the largest coffee shop chains in the world. I chose this because it is close to our house. When I first walked into the shop, I heard Chainsmokers’ Closer song. It was also a quiet place sometimes where you could just sit and relax. It is a small place with limited seats. There were only three small tables and a long table. The place is air-conditioned, soRead MoreCultural Analysis Essay1544 Words   |  7 Pagescomplex and open systems in which multiple influences impact the culture and personality of an organization (Miller, 2006). Therefore, there are many descriptive ways to understand an organization’s culture including Schein’s Onion Model of Culture, ethnographies, and analyses of cultural elements (Miller, 2006). The first way to describe the UNL chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma is to look at the three levels of Schein’s Onion Model of Culture: artifacts, values, and assumptions (Miller, 2006). The firstRead MoreAn Article On Making Strange Exercise2635 Words   |  11 PagesMaking Strange Exercise In this article, I am going to introduce a house that is widely bought by the majority of people on earth. Although it is not that grandeur, this rectangular block still functions as a living area efficiently. The size of the house is decided by the construction company and varies a lot. Some houses are like skyscrapers while others are much smaller that even could be portable. In terms of external looks, normally, the outer walls are painted in just one colour. White andRead MoreThe Long Existence Of Street Vending1458 Words   |  6 PagesNgan Huynh ENGC 1101 – 09 Professor Maltman Ethnography Essay â€Å"Ai mua banh beo hong?† (Who wants to eat banh beo?) Street vending is one of the fanciest experiences visitors should take when they come to Vietnam. Imagine every morning when you wake up, somebody reaches your home and sells everything you need to cook today. The long existence of street vending proves that Vietnamese people are really open to old culture while adapting new shifting in their culture. Although the modernization of societyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Dream On Isolation By Laurence Ralph s Renegade Dreams Essay1304 Words   |  6 Pagespresent are mainly statistical and anthropology data. The article explains many of the residents are isolated due to the social-structural, economic, and political issues that surround them. The residents being moved by gentrification in the inner city, blue collar jobs moving elsewhere, and the difficulty of finding jobs are some of the examples that keeps residents in the inner city at the poverty level. The statistical data is drawn from the article to support Ralph’s argument b y bringing context inRead MoreCoffee Analysis : Coffee House Ethnography1877 Words   |  8 PagesCoffee House Ethnography Anth-101 Winter 2017 Sijia Wang Introduction The National Coffee Association found that the average coffee consumption in the United States is 2.96 cups of coffee per day in 2016 (NCA Coffee Drinking Trends Survey, 2016). 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Karl Marx believed class was a matter of economics, that is, how the individualRead MoreEssay about Ethnography: Ainu2155 Words   |  9 PagesEthnography: Ainu Worldview   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The Ainu, Japan’s native aboriginal people, are very much an isolated people, living now only in the northern island of Japan, Hokkaido. They number, as of a 1984 survey, 24,381, continuing a rise from a low point in the mid nineteenth century due to forced labor and disease, and have largely left their old ways and integrated into standard Japanese society, though even the majority of those still reside in Hokkaido. The animistic religion of the Ainu is firmlyRead MoreThe Genesis Of The Mid Twentieth Century America3651 Words   |  15 Pagesfrom different parts of the United States, it is unique in that it became the central force and inspiration for his writing and thus his entire life’s work. An exploration of Langston Hughes’ poetry reveals that the Harlem he portrays serves as an ethnography of the mid-twentieth century African-American experience and gives the citizens of places like Harlem a collective voice. The Harlem of the 1920s has been identified by distinctive epithets and comparisons to other culturally rich cities like ParisRead MoreA Research Study On Human Nature And Human Past Essay2185 Words   |  9 Pagesgrew up in. I analyzed the tree growth, pattern and conditions of the roads, and observed the formation of houses in my area. This research is important because it shows how people in rural central Maine live. While studying these locations, I was able to practice and hone my observation skills that will become useful when completing my ethnographic study later in the semester. As an ethnography is described, it is a study into particular ways of human life. While we are not directly studying human

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Introduction to Debt Capital Markets Free Essays

BUILDING TOMORROWâ„ ¢ Introduction to Debt Capital Markets Craig Rydqvist rbs. com/gbm Introduction My background Finance sector focussed education and experience but not ‘traditional’ IB route Education †¢ †¢ First degree – BSc in Management Studies; Postgraduate – MSc Masters in Finance (part-time). Work Experience †¢ †¢ †¢ KPMG – Financial Sector Audit and Consulting (ACA); Barclays Capital – Finance followed by Trading and Structuring; RBS – Finance followed by DCM Origination. We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction to Debt Capital Markets or any similar topic only for you Order Now Current Role †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ Director – Conduit Origination; Sell side origination, execution and structuring; Buy side transaction analysis as RBS is ultimate risk taker; Line Manager for Global Banking Analyst Programme. Mature version of Will from the Inbetweeners RBS00000 3 Xin Miao – 2nd Year Analyst, DCM Appears geared towards Investment banking†¦ didn’t know what they were! 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FI Syndicated Loans 15 September 2011 YTD Bookrunner ^ ^ ^ ^ ? 1 BNP Paribas SA 2 Credit Agricole CIB 3 Societe Generale 4 RBS 5 HSBC Holdings PLC Total Industry Source: Thomson Reuters Share Amount No. %) (EURm) 19,092 135 7. 60 18,246 86 7. 20 16,003 93 6. 30 15,635 99 6. 20 13,443 78 5. 30 252,044 352 100 2013 Target Position: Top 3 All Currencies CEEMEA Corp. Synd. Loans 15 September 2011 YTD Bookrunner ? ? ? ^ ^ 1 Citi 2 Credit Agricole CIB 3 RBS 4 BNP Paribas SA 5 Barclays Capital Total Industry Source: Thomson Reuters Share Amount No. (%) (EURm) 3,217 27 9. 00 3,052 19 8. 60 2,561 15 7. 20 2,541 16 7. 10 1,961 6 13 . 00 35,593 68 100 2013 Target Position: Top 5 ? ? ? ? ^ Cross Border Private Placements 15 September 2011 YTD Bookrunner 1 RBS 2 BAS 3 Barclays 4 HSBC 5 CBA Total Industry Source: PP Monitor Amount (EURm) 4,543 3,994 1,902 1,775 1,528 No. 22 19 12 9 7 Share (%) 23. 80 20. 90 9. 90 9. 30 8. 00 All Currencies WE HY Corporate Bonds 15 September 2011 YTD Bookrunner ? ? ? ? ? All Currencies CEEMEA Corporate Bonds 15 September 2011 YTD Bookrunner ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 1 Barclays Capital 2 RBS 3 Goldman Sachs 4 BNP Paribas 5 Citi Total Industry 2013 Target Position: Top 3 1 Deutsche Bank 2 Goldman Sachs 3 Citi 4 Credit Suisse 9 RBS Total Industry Source: Dealogic Analytics Amount Share No. (EURm) (%) 4,161 35 11. 11 3,518 23 9. 40 2,922 18 7. 80 2,909 20 7. 77 1,820 16 4. 86 37,441 88 100 2013 Target Position: Top 5 Amount (EURm) 2,398 1,360 1,335 1,300 1,095 15,638 No. 13 9 8 9 6 37 Share (%) 15. 34 8. 70 8. 54 8. 31 7. 00 100 ? ? ? ? ? Source: Dealogic Analytics 2013 Target Position: Top 5 RBS is a market leader in all the major DCM products RBS00000 8 Major differences between DCM and †¦. Corporate Finance †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ Corporate Finance has lower execution volume As a result lots of time spent itching strategic ideas DCM is more transaction focussed DCM bankers have more respect for your private life Markets Markets covers, sales, trading, research and other areas so it’s a little hard to generalise Markets work more driven by market psychology and sort-term trends and relative value DCM generally more macro-economic focus so interaction is with the client C-suite Equity Capital Markets DCM bankers are pessimists, ECM bankers are optimists DCM involves more ‘definite’ maths – bond maths is less ‘speculative’ RBS00000 9 Why might I choose to work in DCM at RBS? †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ If you are interested in how businesses work – probably at a slightly more detailed level You like maths that ‘works’ – less need to speculate on growth rates and uncontrollable factors DCM is the most successful franchise within RBS GBM and carries that kudos throughout the organisation The DCM analyst programme offers lots of variety with a minimum of 6 rotations, of which at least 4 will be within DCM If you still want to learn – we take analyst development very seriously If you want to work with great people DCM bankers have respect for your private life DCM is a great place to learn and develop RBS00000 10 Life of a DCM analyst Fast-learner Creative and innovative thinker Attention to detail Work well under pressure †¢ †¢ 7. 30-8. 30am start Daily tasks: – Morning meetings – Market updates/reports – Other updates e. g. company pricing †¢ †¢ †¢ Building models, producing presentations Collaboration: talking to traders, syndicate desks, Relationship Managers, other teams in DCM†¦ Analysts events: training, networking lunch Positive Attitude RBS00000 11 Pop Quiz Should these client queries be directed to DCM, ECM, Corporate Finance, Markets or somewhere else? †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ Company CFO interested in divesting a non-core division; Institutional investor seeking to take risk on Greek sovereign default; Company CFO seeking to renew a syndicated loan facility; Bank of England seeking information on RBS exposure to Italian FIs; Company CFO seeking to understand the impact on his company credit rating of redeeming outstanding bonds; Company CFO seeking advice on complete capital restructure; Same CFO following up to understand how much capital she might raise via a rights issue and the effects of such a rights issue; Institutional investor seeking to attend a roadshow for an upcoming securitisation deal; Same investor seeking to switch his exposure in mortgage securitisation to exposure in auto securitisation; CFO of the same investment company seeking to raise capital in the private placement market. Collaboration is Key – we serve clients best when we leverage the breadth of our franchise RBS00000 12 Questions? RBS00000 13 This material is issued by The Royal Bank of Scotland plc (â€Å"RBS†) and is intended to provide the recipient (the â€Å"Recipient†) with a summary of potential transaction structures and terms and conditions that may or may not lead to transactions being entered into between RBS and the Recipient. Unless and until both RBS and the Recipient agree to, and sign formal written contracts, it is not intended that either RBS or the Recipient is, or will be, bound by any of these proposed terms and conditions. This material is confidential and is intended for use only by the Recipient and its professional advisers and remains the property of RBS. It should not be reproduced or disclosed to any other person without the consent of RBS and must be returned on request to RBS and any copies thereof destroyed. Nothing in this document should be construed as legal, tax, regulatory, accounting or investment advice or as a recommendation or an offer by RBS to purchase securities from or sell securities to the Recipient, or to underwrite securities of the Recipient, or to extend any credit or like facilities to the Recipient, or to conduct any such activity on behalf of the Recipient. RBS makes no representations or warranties with respect to the material, and disclaims all liability for any use the Recipient or its advisers make of the contents of the material. However this shall not restrict, exclude, or limit any duty or liability to any person under any applicable laws or regulations of any jurisdiction which may not lawfully be disclaimed. Any views or opinions expressed in the material (including statements or forecasts) constitute the judgement of RBS as of the date indicated and are subject to change without notice. RBS does not undertake to update this document. The Recipient should not rely on any representations or undertakings inconsistent with the above paragraphs. RBS is authorised and regulated in the UK by the Financial Services Authority. The Royal Bank of Scotland plc acts in certain jurisdictions as the authorised agent of The Royal Bank of Scotland N. V. The Royal Bank of Scotland plc. Registered in Scotland No. 90312. Registered Office: 36 St Andrew Square, Edinburgh EH2 2YB. RBS00000 14 How to cite Introduction to Debt Capital Markets, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

Role of women in Islam

A lot of assumptions and discussions surround the role of Muslim women. Sadly though, such assumptions and discussions have largely remained negative. The Muslim woman is perceived as oppressed by dictatorial fathers and husbands (Ahmed 18). Besides suffocating under the veil, Muslim women are also perceived to be forced into marriage.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Role of women in Islam specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The essay is an attempt to examine the role of women in Islam.In addition, the essay shall also attempt to explore the kinds of variations from country to country regarding the role of women in Islam. Finally, the possibility of new developments to be expected regarding the issue at hand shall also be assessed. It is important to assess the role of women in Islam since the subject is riddled with a lot of misconceptions, especially by the non-Muslims. The Islamic religion has explicitly defined and outlined the role of women in Islam. Whereas the Islamic society relegates the role of a man to the public sphere, on the other hand, the role of a Muslim woman largely remains a private matter (Ahmed 32). Her primary responsibility is to be a dutiful wife to her husband, and also to ensure that her children are brought up in an upright manner. In Islam, women are regarded as a vital element of the family because they not only care for the children, but also because they ensure that the family remains united together. Islam encourages women to undertake all their duties with enthusiasm and devotion. The Quran holds women who take good care of their husbands’ property and young ones in high esteem (Baden 23). On the other hand, there are also other responsibilities of a Muslim woman beyond those of a wife and a mother. Islam allows women to take part in pilgrimage (Hajj). In addition, they are also allowed to engage in politics, exercise to vote, manage their own businesse s, and also to partake in gainful employment (Baden 23). Nonetheless, a woman’s psychological and physiological make-up may hold her back from assuming leadership positions as head of state or in the army. There is also a lot of debate on the social and spiritual role of women in Islam. Furthermore, questions of family life, marriage, sexual morality, custody, divorce, as well as inheritance, still abounds. Notably, Muslim feminists have been instrumental in such debates (Baden 24). Reports indicate that the participation of Muslim women in the labor force is lower, in comparison with non-Muslim countries.Advertising Looking for essay on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nonetheless, there is little evidence to suggest that Muslim women have been discriminated against in as far as their contribution in the workplace is concerned. If anything, the strong Islamic traditions regards a woman as a mother an d wife first, and this could perhaps be an indication of their strong cultural orientation. However, there are exceptions to this rule. In Egypt for example, the modern service sector boasts of a large number of women among its workforce. This may be largely due to the socialist policies in the country that encouraged more women to take up job opportunities, along with their participation in higher education (Baden 26). In Sudan, there are a sizeable number of women taking part in the professional level jobs. However, the numbers decreased drastically following the military takeover in 1989. Consequently, thousands of women were dismissed from their posts as lawyers, doctors, nurses, and university lecturers. Bangladesh is also undergoing diversification in terms of employment opportunities available to women in the formal sectors (Baden 28). However, the issue of wage disparities between women and men still abounds. Even in the formal sector, Muslim men still dominate job positions . For example in Mali, there are very few job opportunities available for women. According to the Islamic law, men and women are equal with respect to responsibilities and rights. Men and women are both expected to fulfill certain roles but none of these diminishes the importance of women. An increasingly higher number of Muslim women are now as educated as their male counterparts, if not better. This, coupled with the spirited fight by feminists to champion the cause of Muslim women, we can expected to see more women assuming leadership roles both in the business world and in the political circles. Works Cited Ahmed, Leila. Women and gender in Islam: historical roots of a modern debate. London: Yale University Press, 1992. Print. Baden, Sally. The position of women in Islamiccountries: possibilities, constraints and strategies for change. September 1992. Web.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Role of women in Islam specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This essay on Role of women in Islam was written and submitted by user Kareem Marks to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.